The Irish Independence Films

Michael Collins

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‘Our Cameraman was there’. Michael Collins endorses the Anglo-Irish Treaty to an audience gathered at the Grand Parade in Cork City, where he receives an enthusiastic reception. It’s not too long before the crowd is seen surging backwards as several men begin to fire their guns in the crowd. This is the same footage that’s […]

Fighting Speech

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This now famous piece of footage, shows Michael Collins addressing the Anglo-Irish Treaty to a huge crowd gathered outside College Green, March 1922. Michael Collins described the Treaty as ‘the freedom to achieve freedom’. In practice, the Treaty offered most of the symbols and powers of independence. These included a functioning, if disputed, parliamentary democracy […]

Invasion of Limerick

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In this newsreel from March 1922, invading forces occupy houses, hotels and boathouse and march through the streets of Limerick armed. Official I.R.A. forces patrol in an armoured car and a man is flying the Free State flag from his vehicle. (600)

The Great Cork Treaty

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This newsreel records Michael Collins addressing an audience gathered at the Grand Parade in Cork City. He praises the Anglo-Irish Treaty and receives an enthusiastic reception. It’s not too long before the crowd is seen surging backwards as several men begin to fire their guns in the crowd. Michael Collins described the Treaty as ‘the […]

For the Treaty

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Filmed in February 1922, this footage shows Seán Milroy addressing a large crowd of people in front of the Town Hall in Cootehill, Cavan. Milroy was an Irish Revolutionary and politician who actively took part in the 1916 Rising, served in the second Dáil during the War of Independence, and in the Senate of the […]

The Irreconcilable Mr. De Valera

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This footage, shot during March 1922, shows Éamon de Valera giving an animatedly irate speech to a large gathering of people on Sackville Street (O’Connell Street) in Dublin. In this speech he said that if the Treaty was accepted, it might be necessary to ‘wade through Irish blood’ to achieve Irish freedom. Many of de […]

The Surrender of Dublin Castle

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Dublin Castle was originally built at a defensive fortification during the Norman period. It evolved into a symbol and citadel of British rule for centuries, housing the mechanisms of the British government in Ireland. The Viceroy of Ireland (Lord FitzAlan-Howard) and the representative of the British crown resided in the castle and can be seen […]

The Outgoing President

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The Ministry and members of the Republican Party, who opposed the Treaty, stand for the camera after contesting the policy of the Free State Party at the 1922 elections. On January 14th 1922, a meeting of the members elected to the House of Commons of Southern Ireland was held at the Mansion House, Dublin. At […]

Irish Peace Imperilled by Extremists

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This newsreel dates from December 8th 1921 and highlights a variety of events. The first includes the before and after scenes at the Mansion House, Dublin, when Éamon de Valera stated that he could not recommend acceptance of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. ‘But Dublin’s attitude is obvious’ as crowds cheer on the arrival of Mr. Arthur […]

Irish Free State

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This newsreel, which is predominately text based, declares that ‘after centuries of strife, Britain adds a contented New Dominion to the Crown’. The Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed between Irish and British negotiators in London at 10 Downing Street and would determine the future of 20th century Ireland. British Prime Minister David Lloyd George threatened the […]

Further Pictures of Irish Peace

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This newsreel depicts the immediate aftermath of the Anglo-Irish Peace Treaty on December 6th 1921. It shows the release of 1,700 internees from Ballykinlar internment camp. In the aftermath of Bloody Sunday, November 21st 1920, the British authorities arrested hundreds of republicans and opened several internment camps throughout Ireland. The first internment camp was this […]